OpenAI’s ChatGPT Faces Renewed Scrutiny from Italy’s Data Protection Authority
Italy’s data protection authority, known as Garante, has informed OpenAI that its artificial intelligence chatbot application, ChatGPT, is in violation of data protection rules. The watchdog, renowned for its proactive approach in assessing AI platform compliance with the European Union’s data privacy regime, stated on Monday that it is continuing its investigation initiated last year.
Last year, Garante imposed a ban on ChatGPT, citing alleged breaches of European Union privacy rules. OpenAI later reactivated the service after addressing concerns raised by the regulator. These concerns included issues related to users’ right to decline consent for the use of personal data in training algorithms.
Despite the reactivation, Garante remained committed to its investigation. In a recent statement, the authority revealed that it has identified elements suggesting one or more potential data privacy violations. However, specific details were not provided.
OpenAI, responding to the latest development, expressed confidence in its practices aligning with EU privacy laws. In an emailed statement, the company asserted, “We actively work to reduce personal data in training our systems like ChatGPT” and affirmed its commitment to working constructively with Garante.
The data protection authority has given OpenAI, backed by Microsoft, a 30-day window to present its defense arguments. The ongoing investigation will also take into account findings from a European task force comprised of national privacy watchdogs. Italy has been at the forefront of regulatory action against ChatGPT, being the first West European country to impose restrictions on the AI chatbot.
Under the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), introduced in 2018, companies found in breach of rules can face fines of up to 4% of their global turnover. This underscores the potential financial implications for OpenAI if Garante concludes that ChatGPT has indeed violated data privacy regulations.
In a broader context, the scrutiny of AI systems like ChatGPT aligns with the European Union’s efforts to regulate artificial intelligence. In December, EU lawmakers and governments reached provisional terms for regulating AI systems, signaling a step closer to establishing comprehensive rules governing the technology.