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EU: 19 countries call for new antitrust rules to create “European champions”

 |  December 19, 2018

A total of 19 EU governments have proposed updating the EU’s antitrust rules in order to facilitate the emergence of European industrial giants able to face “fierce competition” from the US and China.

After a ministerial meeting in Paris on Tuesday, December 18, the group of 19 countries called for “new political impetus” to ensure European industry remains competitive on a global level.

As part of a new assertive strategy, the 19 EU governments stated they will make proposals to the next European Commission that will be nominated after the EU elections in May 2019.

One of their main ideas is “the identification of possible evolutions of the antitrust rules to better take into account international markets and competition in merger analysis,” the final statement reads.

France and Germany have defended cross-border mergers between big national firms over the past months in order to forge European “champions.” However, the Commission is traditionally wary of such operations, fearing they could squeeze competition in the single market.

The EU’s antitrust chief, Margrethe Vestager, expressed concerns on Tuesday over plans to merge Germany’s Siemens and France’s Alstom to create a European rail champion.

Asked about the merger during a press conference, she said, “It is right to say that we have concerns on very high-speed trains because it is very important for Europe to develop also when it comes to high-speed trains.”

But some national governments disagree. “If we want to be able to face competition with Chinese giants, we have to bring European forces together,” said French finance minister Bruno Le Maire, in comments to the Financial Times aimed at defending the merger.

The 19-group statement on industry was signed by France, Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain.

They say Europe “must act quickly to maintain its competitiveness” and face “fierce competition” from other large economies with proactive industrial strategies.

To do this, they urge the EU to adopt a “comprehensive” and “assertive” industrial strategy that takes into account the specific needs of industries and regions.

As a starting point, France and Germany announced on Tuesday that they would increase their industrial cooperation in three key areas: battery cell production in Europe, disruptive innovation and artificial intelligence.

The Commission also gave its approval Tuesday to an alliance formed by France, Germany, Italy and the UK to finance worth €1.75 billion (US$2 billion) worth of research and innovation in the field of microelectronics.

Full Content: EurActiv

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