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Exploiting Others’ Investments in Open Standards

BY | September 15, 2016

This article is concerned with “unilateral” de facto standards that arise from later entrants adopting products or technologies employed by an established player. Unilateral de facto standards are susceptible to…

This article is concerned with “unilateral” de facto standards that arise from later entrants adopting products or technologies employed by an established player. Unilateral de facto standards are susceptible to certain forms of abuse because they lack the formal safeguards of de jure standards or the market constraints that limit the winners of standards wars. In particular, the original developer of a technology that becomes a unilateral de facto standard can employ an “open early, close

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