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Antitrust Chronicle® – Failing Firm Defense

BY | September 7, 2020

Dear Readers, This Chronicle addresses the failing firm defense in merger control. The failing firm defense is frequently invoked, but is seldom successful. In theory, at least, the defense has…

Dear Readers,

This Chronicle addresses the failing firm defense in merger control. The failing firm defense is frequently invoked, but is seldom successful.

In theory, at least, the defense has a certain intuitive appeal. By definition, for a merger to be illegal, its implementation must substantially lessen (or “significantly impede”) competition. If, in the counterfactual, the acquired firm would simply go out of business, there can be no lessening of competition. But, in reality, acquirer

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