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The US Publishes AI Bill of Rights

 |  October 10, 2022

The White House unveiled its Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights, which identifies five guidelines for the design, use, and deployment of automated and artificial intelligence (AI)-based tools to protect Americans from harm as the use of these technologies continues to grow in multiple industries.

The blueprint outlines five core principles: safe and effective systems, algorithmic discrimination protections, data privacy, notice and explanation, and human alternatives, consideration, and fallback. These are intended to serve as practical guidance for the US government, tech companies, researchers, and other stakeholders, but the blueprint is nonbinding and does not constitute regulatory policy.

The guidelines apply to AI and automated tools across industries, including healthcare, and are part of a larger conversation around the ethical use of AI.

Under the five principles, Americans should be protected from unsafe and ineffective systems; not face discrimination by algorithms, which should be used and designed in an equitable way; and be protected from abusive data practices via built-in safeguards and have agency over how their data is used.

Read more: The EU AI Act – Balancing Human Rights and Innovation Through Regulatory Sandboxes and Standardization

Americans should also know when, how, and why an automated system is being used to contribute to outcomes that impact them and be able to opt out of these systems in favor of a human alternative who can help remedy their problems, where appropriate.

The blueprint also provides a framework for application to all automated systems that have the potential to meaningfully impact the American public’s rights, opportunities, or access to critical resources or services. Healthcare falls under access to resources or services within this framework, meaning that the framework’s protections would apply to less technologically advanced tools that may not utilize AI at all.

“Considered together, the five principles and associated practices of the Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights form an overlapping set of backstops against potential harms,” the document concludes. “This purposefully overlapping framework, when taken as a whole, forms a blueprint to help protect the public from harm. The measures taken to realize the vision set forward in this framework should be proportionate with the extent and nature of the harm, or risk of harm, to people’s rights, opportunities, and access.”