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Facebook Deal With Jio Faces Antitrust Scrutiny In India

The Competition Commission of India (CCI), the nation’s antitrust police, is investigating Facebook Inc.’s purchase of a 10 percent stake in Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd.’s digital assets.

Commission Chairman Ashok Kumar Gupta told Bloomberg News the role of the panel is to prevent misuse of data in all the deals it assesses. He declined further comment on the Facebook-Jio transaction on Wednesday (June 17).  

The CCI’s mission is to enforce India’s Competition Act which prohibits anti-competitive agreements and the abuse of a dominant position by corporations and, regulates mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and any actions which could hurt competition in India.

Gupta told the news service that regulators are also considering whether new parameters should be included in its assessment since some M&As escape the threshold for scrutiny even if potential harm is clear. Without referring to any specific case, Gupta said oddities — including “access to a huge amount of data” — may encourage digital firms to engage in anti-competitive conduct.

In its CCI application, Facebook said the deal does not alter the competitive landscape in any way. 

If Facebook wins India’s approval, the social network would enter a growing online stage with 1.3 billion people.

In April, PYMNTS reported Facebook closed a $5.7 billion deal for a minority stake in the telecom startup Reliance Jio, giving the social media giant a larger foothold in the region.

“India has more than 60 million small businesses, and millions of people rely on them for jobs,” Founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg said in a Facebook post. “With communities around the world in lockdown, many of these entrepreneurs need digital tools they can rely on to find and communicate with customers and grow their businesses. That’s why we’re partnering with Jio to help people and businesses in India create new opportunities.”

Facebook's stake is one of many investments totaling $13.7 billion in Jio Platforms, controlled by Mukesh Ambani, often described as Asia’s richest man. 

According to an April Reliance press release, “The partnership between Facebook and Jio is unprecedented in many ways. This is the largest investment for a minority stake by a technology company anywhere in the world.”

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The How We Shop Report, a PYMNTS collaboration with PayPal, aims to understand how consumers of all ages and incomes are shifting to shopping and paying online in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our research builds on a series of studies conducted since March, surveying more than 16,000 consumers on how their shopping habits and payments preferences are changing as the crisis continues. This report focuses on our latest survey of 2,163 respondents and examines how their increased appetite for online commerce and digital touchless methods, such as QR codes, contactless cards and digital wallets, is poised to shape the post-pandemic economy.

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